Autor

Opracował (wprowadzenie, tłumaczenie, analiza syntaktyczna, objaśnienia)
Andrzej Babkiewicz (indika 2024)

RV 10.90 Hymn o Człowieku (Puruṣa-sūkta)

ṛṣiNārāyaṇa
devatāPuruṣa
chandaanuṣṭup, triṣṭup (13)

Tłumaczenia:

Stanisław Franciszek Michalski; Hymny Rigwedy; Ossolineum, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1971; str. 15.
Joanna Jurewicz. Wędrówka za przestrzenią. Wybrane hymny Rygwedy; Elipsa, Warszawa 2013, str.238-240.
Andrzej Babkiewicz (indika 2024).

sahasra-śīrṣā puruṣaḥ sahasrākṣaḥ sahasra-pāt |
sa bhūmiṃ viśvato vṛtvātyatiṣṭhad daśāṅgulam
||10.90.1||

puruṣa evedaṃ sarvaṃ yad bhūtaṃ yac ca bhavyam |
utāmṛtatvasyeśāno yad annenātirohati
||10.90.2||

etāvān asya mahimāto jyāyāṃś ca pūruṣaḥ |
pādo 'sya viśvā bhūtāni tripād asyāmṛtaṃ divi
||10.90.3||

tripād ūrdhva udait puruṣaḥ pādo 'syehābhavat punaḥ
tato viṣvaṃ vyakrāmat sāśanānaśane abhi
||10.90.4||

tasmād virāḍ ajāyata virājo adhi pūruṣaḥ |
sa jāto atyaricyata paścād bhūmim atho puraḥ
||10.90.5||

yat puruṣeṇa haviṣā devā yajñam atanvata
vasanto asyāsīd ājyaṃ grīṣma idhmaḥ śarad dhaviḥ
||10.90.6||

taṃ yajñaṃ barhiṣi praukṣan puruṣaṃ jātam agrataḥ |
tena devā ayajanta sādhyā ṛṣayaś ca ye
||10.90.7||

tasmād yajñāt sarva-hutaḥ sambhṛtaṃ pṛṣadājyam |
paśūn tāṃś cakre vāyavyān āraṇyān grāmyāś ca ye
||10.90.8||

tasmād yajñāt sarvahuta ṛcaḥ sāmāni jajñire |
chandāṃsi jajñire tasmād yajus tasmād ajāyata
||10.90.9||

tasmād aśvā ajāyanta ye ke cobhayā-dataḥ |
gāvo ha jajñire tasmāt tasmāj jātā ajāvayaḥ
||10.90.10||

yat puruṣaṃ vyadadhuḥ katidhā vyakalpayan
mukhaṃ kim asya kau bāhūūrū pādā ucyete
||10.90.11||

brāhmaṇo 'sya mukham āsīd bāhū rājanyaḥ kṛtaḥ |
ūrū tad asya yad vaiśyaḥ padbhyāṃ śūdro ajāyata
||10.90.12||

candramā manaso jātaś cakṣoḥ sūryo ajāyata |
mukhād indraś cāgniś ca prāṇād vāyur ajāyata
||10.90.13||

nābhyā āsīd antarikṣaṃ śīrṣṇo dyauḥ samavartata |
padbhyāṃ bhūmir diśaḥ śrotrāt tathā lokān akalpayan
||10.90.14||

saptāsyāsan paridhayas triḥ sapta samidhaḥ kṛtāḥ |
devā yad yajñaṃ tanvānā abadhnan puruṣaṃ paśum
||10.90.15||

yajñena yajñam ayajanta devās tāni dharmāṇi prathamāny asan |
te ha nākaṃ mahimānaḥ sacanta yatra pūrve sādhyāḥ santi devāḥ
||10.90.16||